FLAT FOOT

FLAT FOOT OVERVIEW

People with flat feet have a very low arch or no arch, meaning that one or both of their feet may be flat on the ground.

A human foot has 33 joints, which hold 26 different bones together. It also has over 100 muscles, tendons, and ligaments.

The arches provide a spring to the step and help to distribute body weight across the feet and legs. The structure of the arches determines how a person walks. The arches need to be both sturdy and flexible to adapt to stress and a variety of surfaces.

When people have flat feet, their feet may roll to the inner side when they are standing and walking. This is known as overpronation, and it may also cause the feet to point outward.

Many people with flat feet have no symptoms, but others will experience a variety of symptoms that generally depend on the severity of the condition.

FLAT FOOT SYMPTOMS

The most common symptom of flat feet is pain in the feet. This can occur as a result of strained muscles and connecting ligaments.

Abnormal stresses on the knee and hip may result in pain in these joints. These stresses are likely if the ankles turn inward.

Pain most commonly affects the following parts of the body:

inside ankle, alongside possible swelling

  • Arch of the foot
  • Calf
  • Knee
  • Hip
  • Lower back
  • Lower legs

One or both feet may also feel stiff.

Flat feet can also cause an uneven distribution of body weight. This may result in shoes wearing down unevenly or more quickly than usual, especially on one side, which can lead to further injuries.

FLAT FOOT CAUSES

Common causes of flat feet include:

  • Genetic factors, as flat feet can pass from parents to children in the genes
  • Weak arches, meaning that the arch is visible when a person sits but the foot flattens onto the ground when they stand
  • Foot or ankle injury
  • Arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Damage, dysfunction, or rupture of the posterior tibial tendon
  • Nervous system or muscle diseases, such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida

Another condition that might cause flat feet is tarsal coalition. This condition causes the bones of the foot to fuse together unusually, resulting in stiff and flat feet.

Pediatricians usually diagnose this condition during childhood.

People are more likely to develop flat feet if they have obesity or diabetes. Flat feet are also more common during pregnancy.

Flat feet can develop with age too. Daily use of the feet can cause the posterior tibial tendon to weaken. This tendon is the primary support structure for the foot arch.

The tendon can become inflamed, called tendonitis, or tear after overuse. Damage to the tendon may cause the foot arch to flatten.

Flat feet can also occur as a result of a developmental fault that occurs during childhood or that develops with age or after pregnancy.

FLAT FOOT COMPLICATIONS

People with other foot, ankle, or lower leg problems may find that flat feet can contribute to them or make symptoms worse.

Examples include:

  • Achilles tendonitis
  • Arthritis in the ankle or ankles
  • Arthritis in the foot or feet
  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the ligaments in the soles of the feet
  • Posterior tibial tendonitis
  • Shin splints

Flat feet can affect the alignment of the body when a person is standing, walking, or running. As a result, they can increase the likelihood of pain developing in the hips, knees, and ankles.

About Foot Comfort Services

Best Foot Clinic - Hospital in Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Wah Cantt. All aspects of footcare can be treated. Alongside care involving treatment of nails or removal of corns and callous, we can also provide surgical removal of ingrowing toenails and specialist assessment and treatment of lower limb pain and other problems.

At Foot Comfort Services Clinic our staff are dedicated to identifying and solving a large range of problems. Our innovative approach ensures you and your feet will be well taken care of

Contact Details

Office # 7, 1st Floor, Al Babar Center, F-8 Markaz, Islamabad.

+92 300 5197848, +92 301 8555922

051 2255490

info@footcomfortservices.com

Location

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